American war losses
WE are often being reminded of the cost of wars in dollars, equipment, and dearest of all...Americans. America has been at war in Afghanistan since 2001, and we are still involved militarily in Iraq and Afghanistan. Here is some perspective from World War II, during my lifetime:
Consider that of the 16,112,566 who served in uniform during WWII, 405,399 died; an average of 297 per day between 7 December 1941 (the attack on Pearl Harbor) and 2 September 1945 ( the day of the signing of the papers to end WWII). At the rate experienced during WWII, the total U. S. Military deaths in Iraq and Afghanistan would have occurred in less than three weeks; not the 6.5 years since Operation Enduring Freedom began in October 2001.
Those politicians and media reporters who state that our losses in the Global War on Terror are too high:
Barrett ______ is an aviation author of note, he is researching WWII losses for a new book. These figures will surely give you pause. The AAF's average daily loss in combat for June '44: nearly 50 aircraft. Today if we lost that many in a year we'd probably park our air forces!
WWII Accident Stats
After the Camarillo accident a few of my acquaintances were wondering how 19 year olds mastered high performance fighters with little training during WWII. I looked into it and found some rather interesting figures. This same question was brought up in the P-51 Torque Roll discussion.
The short answer is they did what they needed to do and accepted the losses. Unfortunately, it looks as if combat and accidents losses are usually combined when overseas. The information below sheds some light on the accident losses. The info is from the Army Air Force Statistical Digest WWII published in Dec 45. According to it, thousands of aircraft were lost due to accidents.
In the Continental US between 1942 and Aug 1945 there were 824 P-51 accidents, 131 of those fatal resulting in 137 fatalities and 358 aircraft wrecked. The P-47 was much worse with 3049 accidents, 404 of those fatal with 455 fatalities and a staggering 1125 airplanes wrecked. This is just the beginning according to the table. If you add up all the accident losses on that table you get 47,462 accidents, 5533 of which were fatal resulting in 13,624 fatalities and 12,506 aircraft wrecked. Keep in mind this was just in the Continental US.
Also in the US looking at all AAF accidents from Dec 41 to Aug 45 there were 52,651 accidents, 6039 of those fatal resulting in 14,903 deaths and 13,873 aircraft wrecked. Branching out overseas gets difficult. As I mentioned previously, I can not find combat losses verses accidents. I also can not find specific type losses. But if you look at Airplane Losses in US and Overseas you will see that page two breaks out the Continental US verses overseas.
There were a total of 43,581 losses overseas and 21,583 losses in the US. Keep in mind this includes combat losses but I can almost guarantee nearly all the 21,583 Continental US losses were accidents. The Continental US does not include AK and HI, the only places in North America that had direct combat with the Axis.
While en route from the US to the theater, 909 planes were lost. Airplane losses on combat mission by theater states a total of 22,948 aircraft were lost during combat. If we subtract this from the 43,581 total overseas losses figure above, we get 20,633 aircraft lost not during combat.
I found these figures absolutely overwhelming and much more than I ever would have thought. Total losses due to accidents for WWII may never be known, or at least it is beyond my researching skills, but I do think it was in the thousands. Gives me even more appreciation for that generation.
On a lighter note, here are some other figures just for fun....
9,707,109,000 gallons of gas used from Jan 42 to Aug 45
459,750,000 round of ammo expended overseas from Jan 42 to Aug 45
107,886,000 hours of flying time from Jan 43 to Aug 45
7,952,020 bombs dropped overseas from 43 to 45
2,057,244 tons of bombs dropped overseas from Dec 41 to Aug 45
2,362,800 combat sorties from Dec 41 to Aug 45
299,230 aircraft accepted from Jan 1940 to Aug 45
808,471 aircraft engines delivered from Jan 40 to Aug 45
799,972 propellers delivered from Jan 40 to Aug 45
40,259 enemy aircraft destroyed Feb 42 to Aug 45
/s/ LeRoy Collins, Jr.